A female ground hornet will create a burrow that
can reach up to 130cm deep with branches and
many more cells coming of it when she is ready
to lay eggs. She will then lay a fertilised egg
into each cell she has created. Ground hornets
prefer to burrow in sandy, dry soil and will
avoid burrowing into a thick lawn. A burrow is
recognised by a mound of dirt that has been
excavated to create the burrow along with ground
hornets being present.
Ground hornets are solitary wasps that pose a
very small threat as they don't have a nest full
of friends who can help defend their nest. Male
ground hornets do not have a stinger but can be
very aggressive if a person seems threatening.
Female ground hornets are less aggressive
towards animals than they are to male ground
hornets and can give a very painful sting. The
female ground hornet would much rather use her
sting for her prey and will leave people alone
as long as they do not pose a threat. The female
ground hornet will search for a cicada wasp to
attack, once found, the hornet will sting the
wasp paralyzing it. The hornet will then roll
the wasp onto its back and carry it back to her
burrow as food for her young. Each cell of her
burrow will contain an egg that she will also
place up to 4 cicada wasps in as food. Each cell
is then sealed of to prevent predators getting
to her egg and its food.
The ground hornets eggs hatch after a couple of
days and the larvae begin eating the food
provided. Once all the food has been eaten, the
larvae spins a silk case and will pupate through
the winter and spring. Only in the summer will a
new ground hornet emerge to start the hole
Ground hornets would prefer not to sting people
making them a low threat to people. However, if
their burrows are close to were people live and
walk, they may become a problem and need getting
rid of. Their are many products and ways in
order to get rid of them. Many people believe in
pouring a fuel over the ground and the nest and
setting fire to it. This can work but can also
be dangerous and unsuitable for certain places.
Products are available for taking care of the
problem and are recommended.
Did You Know?
Did you know the
following facts about wasps - hornets?
- Fact One -
Wasps are not bees.
- Fact Two - Wasps can create a
nest out of wood or mud where bees make their nests from
- Fact Three - Wasps are most
aggressive from August to October.
- Fact Four - They eat insects,
food and rubbish.
- Fact Five - Wasps become
inactive at night.
- Fact Six -
They are normally found in their nest.
- Fact Seven -
They are very sensitive to light.
- Fact Eight -
They eat caterpillars.
- Fact Nine -
Male wasps don't have a stinger.
- Fact Ten -
Females have the stinger and it is also their sex organ.
- Fact Eleven -
Females protect the nest.
- Fact Twelve -
Not all female wasps are fertile.