Common Name and Latin Name
The Common Name and Latin Name are as follows:
Common Name (s): Brown Recluse, Latin Name: Loxosceles reclusa
Northern Black Widow, Latrodectus variolus
Poisonous Spiders in Indiana spider identification - what do
they look like?
The Brown recluse spider can be a brown, grey or even a very
deep yellow colour, they also usually have markings on their
dorsal side of their cephalothrax, with a black line pointing to
the rear of the spider that looks like a violin neck.
A mature female Northern Black widow spider is a shine black
colour, with a red hourglass shaped marking on the underside of
her rounded abdomen, many females also have an orange or red
patch above their spinnerets on the top side of their abdomen
What do Poisonous Spiders in
Indiana eat? What is its prey?
The Brown Recluse spider prefers the likes of:
- Also other soft bodied insects.
Black Widow spiders will prey and feed normally on a variety
of insects such as:
Also on occasion they will feed on:
- And other arachnids
How Poisonous are Spiders in
All types (except Uloboridae) are poisonous!
The Brown "Recluse" spider is not aggressive, bites from this
spider are rare. This spider only normally bits a person when it
is press up against the skin, for instance, when tangled up
within someone's clothing, bath towel or in bedding. If bitten,
most bites are minor with no necrosis (necrosis is the premature
death of cells and living tissue), however, in a few cases bites
produce severe dermonecrotic lesions and sometimes, severe
systemic symptoms. In very bad cases, this can lead to organ
damage and death. For a fatality to occur, the person may have a
week immune system or children under 7 and susceptible. A few
species of Brown Recluse spider bites form a necrotizing ulcer
that destroys soft tissue that can take months to heal and also
leave deep scares. If bitten, an ice pack is to be applied to
help control inflammation, with the application of Aloe Vera to
help soothe and control the pain, also prompt medical care
should be sort after. If the spider can be captured, it is best
to bring it with the patient for identification.
The Northern Black Widow spiders are very tiny but their venom
in comparison is extremely potent, compared to other spiders,
the black widows mouth is not very big and powerful, in the case
of a female, the fang that penetrates the skin is only
approximately 1 millimetre long, long enough for the venom to be
injected where it can do harm, the males being smaller injects
less venom doing less harm, in physical volume the amount of
venom injected by a mature female is very small. When a mature
healthy human is bitten by a back widow spider, the small amount
of venom is diffused thought the body and amounts muscle aches,
nausea and paralysis of the diaphragm. In the United states
between 1950 and 1959, only 63 deaths were reported as a result
from a Black widow spider. Black Widows are not aggressive and
will only bite if you were to site on them for instance.
How big are Poisonous Spiders in
The size of the Brown Recluse Spider can be between 6 to 20
millimetres but may grow bigger.
The Black widow spider grows to be 38 millimetres long and 6.4
millimetres in diameter.
Where do Poisonous Spiders in
Indiana live, what are their habitats?
The Brown Recluse spider can be found predominately in
woodpiles, sheds, closets, beds, garages, plenum, cellae's and
other places that are dry and in generally undisturbed places.
When living in a human residents, they seam to favour cardboard,
maybe because it resembles rotting tree bark which they would
normally make their home in the wild. They have also been found
living in shoes, inside dressers, in bed sheets that aren't used
very often, in stacks or piles of clothes, behind pictures and
when the ambient temperature is lower they will be found near
sources of warmth.
The Northern Black Widow spider prefers to build it's web near
the ground, in a dark undisturbed area, nest sites are quite
often near holes made by animals or around construction openings
and piles of wood, in the home they like the same kind of places
that are dark and undisturbed like behind furniture or under a
desk or an undisturbed basement
What is the average life span for
Poisonous Spiders in Indiana?
The Brown Recluse spider lives on average for 1.5 years with a
few living well over 2 years.
The Northern Black Widow spider lives on average between one and
Do Poisonous Spiders in Indiana
have good eyesight?
Generally speaking the Brown Recluse spider has poor eyesight
and un like most spiders, having eight eyes, they have six.
Black Widow spiders have very poor eyesight and depend mostly on
vibrations through their web to orientate themselves to the
location of prey entangled on their web or to worn them of
something larger such as animals that could injure or kill them
Classification of Poisonous
Spiders in Indiana
Species of spiders are classified according to shared physical
characteristics. Spider taxonomy is the science of finding,
describing, classifying and naming organisms in a hierarchical
system. This method of classification helps when a description
of 40,000 spiders is required! The organization of living things
have seven major categories: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order,
Family, Genus, Species. The classification of Poisonous Spiders
in Indiana are as follows:
(Kingdom relates to the highest taxonomic group into which
organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera
or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia) :
(Phyla are groups of classes. A series of animals or plants
genetically connected with shared characteristics. The second
biggest grouping in taxonomy. Arthropoda are jointed-foot
invertebrates: arachnids, crustaceans, insects etc
A Class are taxonomic group containing one or more orders.
Arachnid consist of any of the eight-legged creatures, including
spiders and scorpions, of the class Arachnida
A taxonomic order, within the class Arachnida (spiders)
The Subclass is nother taxonomic category below a class and
above an order which helps in the classification process
Family: Brown Recluse:
Northern Black Widow: Theridiidae
Another taxonomic category below an order and above a genus
which helps in the classification process.
Genus: Brown Recluse: Loxosceles
Northern Black Widow: Latrodectus
Another taxonomic category below a family and above the level of
species which helps in the classification process
Species: Brown Recluse: L. reclusa
Northern Black Widow: L. hasselti
Specis are taxonomic group whose members can interbreed.
Spider Exterminators - Pest
Generally speaking, people do not like spiders and most of all,
do not want them in their homes! There are many forms of pest
control and ways to exterminate spiders. There are spider
exterminators, services, spider zappers, spider traps, spider
repeller, spider catchers, spider traps for the removal and
extermination process. Advice is available on subjects such as
pest controls, pest prevention, spider catchers, spider
exterminators and how to kill spiders. Some people would like to
eliminate spiders from there homes completely, this can be very
difficult as an open window on a summers day will allow spiders
in, even opening your front door when entering and leaving will
allow pesky spiders in. It is very easy to get rid of spiders by
catching them yourself. Its best not to kill spiders as they are
very important in controlling the level of other insects that
There are many different spiders which can be found in every
region of the world. This article provides details, facts and
information about Poisonous Spiders in Indiana including what
Poisonous Spiders in Indiana look like, their description,
classification, what they like to eat and what its natural
enemies are. There are also facts and information about the size
of Poisonous Spiders in Indiana and the habitat in which they
live and an indication of how long they might live. Everything
you wanted to know about Poisonous Spiders in Indiana - facts
and info for kids, children and their teachers and for everyone
interested in the facts about Poisonous Spiders in Indiana.
Poisonous Spiders in Indiana
Different Poisonous Spiders in
- Interesting facts and Info about Poisonous Spiders in
- Classification details, definitions and descriptions
- Description and size
- Habitat and prey
- Life Span
- Extermination, pest control and Spider catchers and
- Poisonous Spiders in Indiana