Indiana Poisonous Spiders  

Indiana Poisonous Spiders

Types of Spiders Index

Common Name and Latin Name
The Common Name and Latin Name are as follows:
Common Name (s): Brown Recluse, Latin Name: Loxosceles reclusa
           Northern Black Widow, Latrodectus variolus
Poisonous Spiders in Indiana spider identification - what do they look like?

The Brown recluse spider can be a brown, grey or even a very deep yellow colour, they also usually have markings on their dorsal side of their cephalothrax, with a black line pointing to the rear of the spider that looks like a violin neck.

A mature female Northern Black widow spider is a shine black colour, with a red hourglass shaped marking on the underside of her rounded abdomen, many females also have an orange or red patch above their spinnerets on the top side of their abdomen

What do Poisonous Spiders in Indiana eat? What is its prey?
The Brown Recluse spider prefers the likes of:

  • Firebrats
  • Crickets
  • Cockroaches
  • Also other soft bodied insects.

Black Widow spiders will prey and feed normally on a variety of insects such as:

  • Flies
  • Mosquitoes
  • Grasshoppers
  • Beetles
  • Caterpillars

Also on occasion they will feed on:

  • Woodlice
  • Diplopods
  • Chilopods
  • And other arachnids

How Poisonous are Spiders in Indiana?
All types (except Uloboridae) are poisonous!

The Brown "Recluse" spider is not aggressive, bites from this spider are rare. This spider only normally bits a person when it is press up against the skin, for instance, when tangled up within someone's clothing, bath towel or in bedding. If bitten, most bites are minor with no necrosis (necrosis is the premature death of cells and living tissue), however, in a few cases bites produce severe dermonecrotic lesions and sometimes, severe systemic symptoms. In very bad cases, this can lead to organ damage and death. For a fatality to occur, the person may have a week immune system or children under 7 and susceptible. A few species of Brown Recluse spider bites form a necrotizing ulcer that destroys soft tissue that can take months to heal and also leave deep scares. If bitten, an ice pack is to be applied to help control inflammation, with the application of Aloe Vera to help soothe and control the pain, also prompt medical care should be sort after. If the spider can be captured, it is best to bring it with the patient for identification.

The Northern Black Widow spiders are very tiny but their venom in comparison is extremely potent, compared to other spiders, the black widows mouth is not very big and powerful, in the case of a female, the fang that penetrates the skin is only approximately 1 millimetre long, long enough for the venom to be injected where it can do harm, the males being smaller injects less venom doing less harm, in physical volume the amount of venom injected by a mature female is very small. When a mature healthy human is bitten by a back widow spider, the small amount of venom is diffused thought the body and amounts muscle aches, nausea and paralysis of the diaphragm. In the United states between 1950 and 1959, only 63 deaths were reported as a result from a Black widow spider. Black Widows are not aggressive and will only bite if you were to site on them for instance.

How big are Poisonous Spiders in Indiana?
The size of the Brown Recluse Spider can be between 6 to 20 millimetres but may grow bigger.
The Black widow spider grows to be 38 millimetres long and 6.4 millimetres in diameter.

Where do Poisonous Spiders in Indiana live, what are their habitats?
The Brown Recluse spider can be found predominately in woodpiles, sheds, closets, beds, garages, plenum, cellae's and other places that are dry and in generally undisturbed places. When living in a human residents, they seam to favour cardboard, maybe because it resembles rotting tree bark which they would normally make their home in the wild. They have also been found living in shoes, inside dressers, in bed sheets that aren't used very often, in stacks or piles of clothes, behind pictures and when the ambient temperature is lower they will be found near sources of warmth.

The Northern Black Widow spider prefers to build it's web near the ground, in a dark undisturbed area, nest sites are quite often near holes made by animals or around construction openings and piles of wood, in the home they like the same kind of places that are dark and undisturbed like behind furniture or under a desk or an undisturbed basement

 
 

What is the average life span for Poisonous Spiders in Indiana?
The Brown Recluse spider lives on average for 1.5 years with a few living well over 2 years.

The Northern Black Widow spider lives on average between one and three years.

Do Poisonous Spiders in Indiana have good eyesight?
Generally speaking the Brown Recluse spider has poor eyesight and un like most spiders, having eight eyes, they have six. Black Widow spiders have very poor eyesight and depend mostly on vibrations through their web to orientate themselves to the location of prey entangled on their web or to worn them of something larger such as animals that could injure or kill them  

Classification of Poisonous Spiders in Indiana
Species of spiders are classified according to shared physical characteristics. Spider taxonomy is the science of finding, describing, classifying and naming organisms in a hierarchical system. This method of classification helps when a description of 40,000 spiders is required! The organization of living things have seven major categories: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. The classification of Poisonous Spiders in Indiana are as follows:

Kingdom: Animalia
(Kingdom relates to the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia) :

Phylum: Arthropoda
(Phyla are groups of classes. A series of animals or plants genetically connected with shared characteristics. The second biggest grouping in taxonomy. Arthropoda are jointed-foot invertebrates: arachnids, crustaceans, insects etc

Class: Arachnida
A Class are taxonomic group containing one or more orders. Arachnid consist of any of the eight-legged creatures, including spiders and scorpions, of the class Arachnida

Order: Araneae
A taxonomic order, within the class Arachnida (spiders)

Subclass:
The Subclass is nother taxonomic category below a class and above an order which helps in the classification process

Family: Brown Recluse: Sicariidae
Northern Black Widow: Theridiidae

Another taxonomic category below an order and above a genus which helps in the classification process.

Genus: Brown Recluse: Loxosceles
Northern Black Widow: Latrodectus

Another taxonomic category below a family and above the level of species which helps in the classification process

Species: Brown Recluse: L. reclusa
Northern Black Widow: L. hasselti
Specis are taxonomic group whose members can interbreed.

Spider Exterminators - Pest Control
Generally speaking, people do not like spiders and most of all, do not want them in their homes! There are many forms of pest control and ways to exterminate spiders. There are spider exterminators, services, spider zappers, spider traps, spider repeller, spider catchers, spider traps for the removal and extermination process. Advice is available on subjects such as pest controls, pest prevention, spider catchers, spider exterminators and how to kill spiders. Some people would like to eliminate spiders from there homes completely, this can be very difficult as an open window on a summers day will allow spiders in, even opening your front door when entering and leaving will allow pesky spiders in. It is very easy to get rid of spiders by catching them yourself. Its best not to kill spiders as they are very important in controlling the level of other insects that are pests.  

 
There are many different spiders which can be found in every region of the world. This article provides details, facts and information about Poisonous Spiders in Indiana including what Poisonous Spiders in Indiana look like, their description, classification, what they like to eat and what its natural enemies are. There are also facts and information about the size of Poisonous Spiders in Indiana and the habitat in which they live and an indication of how long they might live. Everything you wanted to know about Poisonous Spiders in Indiana - facts and info for kids, children and their teachers and for everyone interested in the facts about Poisonous Spiders in Indiana.
 

Poisonous Spiders in Indiana

 

Different Poisonous Spiders in Indiana

  • Interesting facts and Info about Poisonous Spiders in Indiana
  • Classification details, definitions and descriptions
  • Description and size
  • Habitat and prey
  • Life Span
  • Extermination, pest control and Spider catchers and deterrents
  • Poisonous Spiders in Indiana
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