Some species of wasp burrow, either in mud, sand, wood or use an existing burrow that has been abandoned. These burrowing wasps create a network of tunnels and cells. The cells are created to house the larvae and food. Burrowing wasps normally prey upon other insects such as spiders and caterpillars, stinging them and paralysing them. The burrowing wasp then takes it paralysed victim to its burrow were it places it in a cell and lays eggs on it and berries it to stop anything getting to it.
A well known burrowing wasp found in North America is the golden digger wasp. A burrowing wasp can create around half a dozen nests, each containing many compartment also containing eggs and food. Over the winter, the eggs hatch and the larvae feed and pupate, eventually turning into wasps and emerging the following spring. Each newly developed burrowing wasp is genetically programmed to begin the process again. To find or create a burrow, lay eggs and provide food.